Theatre and Stage Terms
Legs are used for masking the sides of the stage, they define the sides of the performing area and hide offstage areas from the view of the audience to complete the effect Borders are fitted overhead masking concealing batons and hanging equipment from the view of the audience.
Backdrop/Cycloramas is a suspended Canvas or Filled Cloth that is extended the full width of the performing area and provides the background for a performance can be painted for a scenic view.
Scrim is loosely woven Gauze (Sharkstooth) fabric, opaque to the audience from the front. yet nearly transparent when lit from behind.
2 Pass Blackout – A two-coat process providing 100% blackout properties, whilst only complimenting the colour of the coating.
3 Pass Blackout – A three-coat process providing 100% blackout properties, whilst allowing the colour to be complemented by both the base fabric and coating.
Buckram. A stiff coated fabric used for curtain headings and tie backs.
Bump. A thick heavy interlining produced to help with insulation and extra body to the curtains.
Dimout/Dimming. A fabric that is woven in multiple layers to block out light
Durable FR (DFR) A flame retardant finish that can either be dry cleaned or washed depending on cleaning instructions.
Finished Drop. The length of the curtain from the top to the base of the curtain.
Finished Width. The finished width of the curtain, this would include any
Front of House. Curtains at the very front of the stage
Fullness. A flat finished curtain would not have extra material built-in, 50% fullness would contain 50% more material achieved by pleating, 100% fullness would have double the material whilst achieving the required width.
Non-durable FR.(NDFR) A flame retardant finish that cannot be cleaned unless it is retreated afterwards.
Sateen. An appearance that is produced by showing more of the fine weft threads protective coating which helps to protect the fabric against moisture and soiling.
Twill Weave. A weaving method that is produced by showing the warp threads on the surface of the fabric to create a soft sheen and denser appearance to the fabric and giving better protection against sunlight.
Warp. The threads running down the fabric parallel to the salvage of the fabric. The threads running down the fabric parallel to
Welt. The threads running across the width of the fabric.
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